To optimize women’s fertility, taking better care of their bodies is a good first step. So what else can women do to increase their chances of getting pregnant?
The most important advice for a woman who wants to conceive is to know her body, especially her menstrual cycle, says Dr. Mary Ellen Pavone. “It’s important to know how long she is before her menstruation so that it can more clearly predict when to have sex in order to conceive,” Pavone says. Here are 10 tips to help a healthy woman increase her chances of getting pregnant.
Record the Frequency of Your Menstrual Cycle
A woman who wants to conceive should keep track of whether the first day of her menstrual period is the same number of days each month. In this case, the menstrual cycle is considered regular. Conversely, the menstrual cycle can be irregular. This means that the period of menstruation varies from month to month. Following this with the help of a calendar, a woman can better predict when her ovaries will produce eggs each month.
According to the American Pregnancy Association, a woman’s egg can be fertilized within just 12-24 hours after it is produced. However, the male sperm can remain in the woman’s body ready for fertilization for up to five days.
There are several methods for women to determine their most fertile time each month.
Home ovulation prediction kits are one of them. These kits, sold in pharmacies, test the luteinizing hormone, which increases every month during ovulation and causes the ovaries to produce eggs. Three days after this test is positive is the best time for couples to have sexual intercourse to become pregnant.
Another method to predict ovulation is to regularly monitor the amount and appearance of mucus in the woman’s vagina. According to March Dimes, the amount of mucus increases just before ovulation when a woman is most fertile, and mucus becomes thinner, clearer, and more slippery.
Have Sex Every Day During Fertility
The most favorable time for fertility is the five days before ovulation and the day of ovulation. These days in every month are the most fertile days for women.
Along with new technologies, there are a variety of apps and websites where women can identify their most fertile period, and such apps and sites help women identify when they’re most likely to conceive. However, a study conducted in 2016 revealed that these practices may not be completely accurate and precise.
Studies have revealed that there is no significant difference in pregnancy rates between couples who have sex every day (37%) and those who have sex every other day (33%) during the most favorable time for fertility, Pavone says.
There is also a lot of misinformation and crone tales on the subject. For example; There is no evidence that sex position has an effect on the chances of pregnancy, nor does it increase the probability of pregnancy if a woman lies on her back for a certain period of time after intercourse.
Try to Maintain a Healthy Weight
Being overweight can make it less likely to become pregnant, but being underweight makes it even more difficult to have a baby.
Studies have shown that it takes an overweight woman twice as long to become pregnant than a woman with a normal BMI, says Pavone. And a woman who is well below her normal weight can take up to four times longer to conceive.
A 2017 study found that couples who were both obese took 55% to 59% longer to become pregnant compared to couples who were not both obese.
In very thin women, the menstrual cycle may not be very regular, or even ovulation may stop completely.
Take Prenatal Vitamins
Pavone recommends women trying to conceive start taking prenatal vitamins long before pregnancy. In this way, she says that the woman can find the most suitable vitamin for her before and stay stable in that vitamin during pregnancy. Another option is to use normal vitamins daily as long as they contain at least 400 micrograms of folic acid and B vitamins. It is known that these have a very effective and important place in preventing congenital diseases.
Although there is no specific diet that helps pregnant women, eating a balanced and healthy diet and getting enough important nutrients such as calcium, protein and iron prepares the woman’s body for pregnancy.
In addition to dietary supplements containing folic acid, B vitamins should also be taken from foods such as broccoli, orange juice, and cereals. Also, eat less high-mercury fish when trying to conceive. Caffeine also reduces fertility in women, and you should limit caffeine consumption.
Reduce Excessively Strenuous Workouts
Being active can prepare a woman’s body for some of the things of birth and pregnancy, but exercising too much can prevent ovulation. Many menstrual disorders are seen in women who do heavy exercise, and women need to lighten their training if they want to become pregnant.
Be aware of age-related fertility declines
As women experience age-related changes in the ovaries that cause a decrease in the quality and quantity of eggs, their fertility decreases. As the age progresses, the risk of health problems such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis and obstruction of the fallopian tubes that cause fertility loss increases. Fertility gradually decreases in the early thirties, a little more after age 37 and even more after age 40.
Quit Your Habits Like Smoking and Alcohol
Smoking can cause reproductive problems in both men and women. Chemical substances such as nicotine carbon monoxide in cigarettes accelerate the rate of egg loss by the woman.
In addition, women should avoid passive smoking as it affects the likelihood of pregnancy. It is safest for a woman who wants to get pregnant to avoid alcohol. A woman who stops using birth control pills to get pregnant should also stop consuming alcohol.
Know When to Get Help
Both men and women should consider having an infertility assessment if the woman is older than 35 and is still not pregnant after six months of regular sexual intercourse.
Pavone also recommends that if a woman under the age of 35 has had unprotected sexual intercourse for one year and is unable to conceive, the couple should contact their obstetrician.