Epidemiology: Salgathe branch of medicine that deals with the diseases of humans. Throughout history, these great minds have figured out disease mechanisms.
1- Girolamo fracastoro (1476-1553)
Fracastoro was an Italian physician, poet, and natural philosopher. He named this disease, which was called “syphilis” at that time, to one of his poems. (1530)
His work on infectiousness (1546) with the concept of ‘seeds of disease’ is sometimes seen as a precursor to the modern germ theory.
Nature Philosopher: Socrates she iswhat early thinkers heard about the universeu ateThey wonder “Where does everything come from?” to find an answer to the question, to find the real, ultimate principle, and to find your outer worldn doHe pushed his partner to the search for solving. These philosophers nature philosophers known as.
2- John Snow (1813-1858)
Snow was a British anesthesiologist and epidemiologist. He provided the Queen Victoria with inhalation anesthesia at the birth of her last two children and pioneered this.
His research on cholera has reinforced the idea that it is transmitted by polluted water, not by miasma.
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Miasma: Out of the ground threeAny substance such as harmful gas, rays, odors that are thought to cause disease as a result of spreading to the stage; miyazma (In ancient medicine, these substances were thought to be the cause of some diseases)
3- Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist. Yeast, bacteria and virus studies have had a tremendous impact on brewing and winemaking, milk safety (pasteurization) and medicine. It was the first comprehensive insight into his germ disease theory.
Microbiologist: Microbiologist, like bacteria gshe iszle gshe isFrom the emergence of unimaginable size organisms to their extinctionthreeMost examines the process.
Pastshe isrization: Heating applied in food industry to purify nutrients from disease-causing microorganisms.she ismethod.
4- Joseph Lister (1827-1912)
Lister was a British surgeon and inventor of the ‘antiseptic’ surgical system. Pasteur’s research inspired Lister to use carbolic acid dressings to disinfect surgical wounds (1867). Joseph Lister also did original research on bacteria and his system was converted into ‘aseptic’ surgical practice.
Antiseptic: Infection she isThey are antimicrobial chemicals applied to the skin or mucous membrane in order to prevent. Nowadays, both in medical environments and in daily lifethreea is used. Antiseptics preventing the growth and spread of microbes, on microorganisms she isIt should not be mixed with disinfectants that have luminous effects.
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5- Robert Koch (1843-1910)
While Koch was only a country name (Guadeloupe) before, Robert Koch explained the life cycle of the anthrax bacillus and made his name. This led the German bacteriologist on a research mission in Berlin, where he discovered the organisms that cause tuberculosis and cholera. Won the 1905 Nobel Prize in Medicine.
Bacteriologist:Related to bacteria, in the field of bacteriology threeaccustomer
Anthrax: (Spleen burn), anthrax or anthrax; A zoonotic infectious disease caused by bacteria called Bacillus anthracis.
Tuberculosis: (Tuberculosis) It is an infectious disease caused by a microbe called mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infectious tuberculosis The disease is transmitted when bacilli, which are released into the air by coughing, sneezing or talking, reach the lungs of a healthy person through the respiratory tract.
Cholera: It is a disease with acute and severe diarrhea due to intestinal infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
6- Martinus Beijerinck (1851-1931)
Dutch botanist and microbiologist Martinus Beijerinck’s work on the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in the 1890s provided a better understanding of the nature of viruses and their relationship to the cells of the organism they invaded.
Tobacco Mosaic Virus:They are rod or elongated viruses. In the form of bars 300 nm long virus particles are spread mechanically.
7- Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915)
Ehrlich was a German medical scientist. Being a gifted experimenter, he influenced microscopy, tissue staining, embryology, chemotherapy, and immunology. The theory of the chemical nature of antigens and antibodies with a “key and key” mechanism of action was key to understanding infection.
Embryology: The branch of science that studies the formation, growth and development of zygote. It is a sub-branch of developmental biology.
Immunology: It is a very important branch of medicine and biological sciences that deals with the study of the immune system.
Antigen and Antibody: The antimatter that the body releases to make any disease-causing agents harmless is antibody. Antibody is an organic immune substance produced by the body. Substances that are foreign to the body and cause antibody production are called ‘antigens’.
8- Albert Sabin (1906-93)
American virologist Albert Sabin developed a polio vaccine that uses a attenuated strain of the virus. It can be given orally (the normal route of transmission of the disease) and has been the vaccine of choice in the worldwide campaign against the disease since the 1960s.
Virology: The branch of science that deals with viruses and their properties. Virology is often shown as part of microbiology or pathology; examines organic viruses, their chains, their classification, their entry into cells and their disease. For people working in the field of virology Virologistcalled.
9- Stanley Prusiner (b.1942)
The American neurologist and molecular biologist Stanley Prusiner coined the term ‘prion’ and found the theory behind how these misfolded proteins cause grave disease.
Prusiner’s research, which is still not universally recognized, was publicly sanctioned when it was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1997.
Nshe isrolog: They are medical doctors who look at and specialize in nervous system disorders.
Molecular Biologist:He is a scientist who studies the structure and functions of cells at the molecular level. It examines how organisms pass on genetic information to successive generations.
Prion: It is an isolated protein responsible for the production of toxins in viral diseases, capable of replicating itself and enabling the production of infected proteins. Prions are, in short, very small particles that contain protein and can be transmitted (infectious).
Grave Disease: Graves’ disease, also known as grave disease, is an autoimmune disease that causes hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland), weight loss, anxiety, and fatigue.
10- Franthreeoise barré-Sinoussi (b.1947)
French virologist Françoise Barré-Sinoussi shared the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine for his work in retroviruses, where HIV is most important. Retroviruses use their RNA in the host cell to make RNA (the opposite of the normal DNA model used as a template for RNA). It is active in HIV eradication campaigns worldwide.
HIV: (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), AIDSThe virus that causes. HIV by damaging the immune system to illness causes. Germs are easier when the immune system that protects the body from germs is not working to illness why could it be.
Retrovirus: All viruses belonging to the Retroviridae family of viruses are called. They are encapsulated viruses that carry the RNA genome and can replicate through DNA. It is the only diploid RNA virus. They can transform DNA from RNA with reverse transcriptase enzyme. HIV virus is from this family. It is the general name of viruses that can change genetic information.
Host: In biology, they are symbiotic-related host (host) organisms that harbor parasites or provide shelter and nutrition to each other. In botany, they are host plants that provide a food source and substrate to certain insects and other fauna. Cells that are host to viruses, bacteria that provide nitrogen to legume plants, and animals that host parasitic worms are examples of such interactions.