Primatologist (scientist who studies primates) Jane Goodall, to avoid future pandemics after COVID-19 is alleviated; He said that humanity had to change their diet drastically, and that they should also review the way they handle wild and farm animals.
“Our disrespect for wild animals and livestock has created an environment in which diseases can infect humans,” said Goodall at an online event organized by The Guardian June 2, World Farming’s Compassion campaign. reported what he said. “If we don’t change jobs, we’re done,” he said. “We can’t go on like this for longer.”
Goodall; He pointed to habitat destruction, the farming and consumption of wild animals, illegal wildlife smuggling, and factory farming as risky practices that could trigger the next pandemic. According to the Guardian, these practices have triggered past epidemics. Mongabay reported that habitat loss, mainly caused by deforestation, is driving animals to new environments, leading to both mixing of various animal species and increased interaction with humans.
“Viruses are exchanged, regardless of whether people come to forest areas or animals to human settlements due to deforestation,” said Rajan Patil, professor of epidemiology at the SRM Institute of Science and Technology in Chennai, India, told Mongabay.
For example, Patil’s research team found that several Nipah and Glasgow virus outbreaks were linked to fruit bats transported to human settlements following the destruction of their natural habitat, according to a 2018 report in the journal Annals of Tropical Medicine. Goodall said in a comment to Mongabay on May 4th, “Animal markets, where wild animals as well as domestic animals can be sold and produced, operate as primary locations for the transmission of diseases between animals and humans.
Initially, scientists suspected that COVID-19 may have originated from the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China. Because several dozen suppliers and customers caught a super-spreader post virus in late December. More recent data show that the epidemic did not originate from this particular market, but began to circulate elsewhere and early in the year.
“Regardless of where COVID-19 originated, animal markets around the world are the perfect environment for the spread of viruses from animal hosts to humans, as many species can be found in one place and both animals and humans can be exposed to faeces, urine, blood and other bodily fluids. provides, ”wrote Goodall. “It is absolutely essential that the ban on food trade, eating and breeding of wild animals is permanent and mandatory. However, in order to do this in a sustainable way, new sources of income must be created for those who provide their livelihoods from here. he added.
Sale of Wild Animal Meat
In particular, “Wild animal markets provide ideal conditions for viruses and other pathogens to cross the species barrier. This is not only in China, ”he wrote. Vox noted that Goodall wrote that there are many wild markets in Asian countries other than China, and there are also wild markets in Africa and Latin America.
Broadly speaking, the sale of wild animal meat poses risks beyond animal markets. He probably encouraged HIV-AIDS epidemics in Africa, he wrote. Animals in these markets can also be illegally sold as pets for their fur or use in traditional medicine. “The use of some wild animal products for traditional medicine is still legal in China (except rhino horn and tiger bones),” said Goodall. The practice of breeding brown bears and sun bears for their galls is also legal, he said, and could contribute to disease spread.
Bears reared for bile are usually kept in small cages. Because of poor hygiene standards, it is exposed to a variety of pathogens and given high doses of antibiotics that can lead to drug-resistant super bugs. The same standards of care can be seen in intensive industrial agriculture, also known as factory farming. “Diseases commonly known as ‘bird flu’ and ‘swine flu’ are caused by handling poultry and pigs.” The coronavirus that causes Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) may also have arisen from infected domestic dromedary camels.
During the Compassion for World Agriculture event, European Union (EU) health and food safety official Stella Kyriakides stated that the EU aims to reduce the dangers of factory farming through new agriculture and biodiversity strategies and the European Green Deal. The Guardian reported that these initiatives are aimed at keeping food affordable while focusing on reducing pesticide use and supporting sustainable farming and growing practices.
“One of the lessons learned from this crisis is that we must change our ways,” Goodall said during the event. “Scientists need to drastically change our diets and switch to plant-rich foods to avoid future crises. For the health of animals, the planet and our children. ”